Iosif Antonovich Goshkevich (April 28, 1814-May 3, 1875)
ヨシフ・アントノヴィチ・ゴシケーヴィチ（ベラルーシ語：Язэп Антонавіч Гашкевіч；ロシア語: Иосиф Антонович Гошкевич 、1814年4月28日 - 1875年10月5日）はベラルーシ人でロシア帝国の初代日本駐在領事である。
Iosif Antonovich Goshkevich (Russian: Иосиф Антонович Гошкевич) (April 28, 1814, in Minsk Governorate – October 5, 1875) was a Russian diplomat and Orientalist of Belarusian descent. He graduated from the Saint Petersburg Theological Academy in 1839 and served in the Russian clerical legation in Beijing from 1839 to 1848. From 1853 to 1855, he worked as an interpreter for the Chinese language in Yefim Putyatin's embassy in Japan. Goshkevich then served in Asiatic department of Russian MFA from 1856 to 1858. Along with a Japanese co-author, Goshkevich compiled the first Japanese-Russian dictionary, which was published in Saint Petersburg in 1857. Goshkevich also became the first Russian diplomatic representative in Japan, serving from 1858 to 1865. He wrote several works about China, Japan and the peculiarities of Japanese and Chinese languages.
On December 21, 1857 Goshkevich was appointed Russian Consul for Japan. He arrived on November 5, 1858 aboard the screw gunboat (Russian "kliper") Djigit at his future office at Hakodate on Hokkaido, accompanied by wife and son.
Additionally he was accompanied by commander (lejtenant) Pavel Nazimov, the surgeon Dr. Michail P. Albrecht and wife, the priest Vassilij Emeljanovich Machov and the consulate employees. The consulate in Hakodate was at first provisionally housed in the Buddhist Jitsugyo-ji (temple) near Mount Hakodate, where also the consul and his staff lived, altogether 14 people. A new building was badly needed. The construction of the new consulate was completed in April 1860. The year before the Russian Orthodox Church in Hakodate had already been inaugurated, which was also founded on the initiative of Goshkevich. It was called the Resurrection Cathedral and served consular members and sailors of the Russian fleet. Associated with the church there were also classes for the Russian language, a military hospital and also a cemetery was created.
Goshkevich is one of the many Europeans who helped to spread photography in Japan. He also contributed to teaching the people in Hakodate weather observation, botanical specimen and so on. Goshkevich's last years in Hakodate were overshadowed by fatalities and misfortunes. His wife Elizaveta Stefanovna died in 1864. The following year the Russian Consulate was almost completely destroyed by a fire that had spread from the neighbouring British Consulate. Goshkevich returned to Russia this year. He worked for another year in the Asian department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in St Petersburg; then he retreated to his house in the Belarusian village of Mali. He continued his work on "The Roots of the Japanese Language", which appeared only after his death in 1875.
For his great achievement as a diplomat and a researcher of the Asian languages and cultures, his monuments were built in his birthplace, Strelichevsky Selsoviet of Khoiniki District, Gomel Oblast and his final resting place, Astravyets, Grodno Region of Belarus. In Hakodate, Japan, there are also the bust of Goshkevich and the grave of his wife Elizabeth.